State policies toward Romani communities in candidate countries to the EU

government and Romani participation in policy-making : July 26, 1999, Brussels, Belgium.
  • 26 Pages
  • 2.39 MB
  • English
Project on Ethnic Relations , [Princeton, N.J.]
Romanies -- Europe, Eastern -- Politics and government -- 20th century -- Congresses., Romanies -- Government policy -- Europe, Eastern -- Congresses., European Union -- Europe, Eastern -- Congresses., Europe, Eastern -- Ethnic relations -- Congre


Europe, Ea

SeriesReport, Report (Project on Ethnic Relations--Princeton, USA)
ContributionsProject on Ethnic Relations--Princeton, USA.
LC ClassificationsDX210 .T34 1999
The Physical Object
Pagination26 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3381970M
LC Control Number2004555056

Across the European Union, Member States are faced with the challenge of integrating Europe’s most deprived and disenfranchised minority groups. As a follow up to the EU-MIDIS II findings on Roma, this report presents FRA’s findings relating to the issues of education and employment.

The free movement of persons is one of the pillars of the EU and a fundamental right of EU citizens. It brings great benefits to EU citizens, Member States and the European economy as a whole.

Download State policies toward Romani communities in candidate countries to the EU EPUB

InEU citizens residing in a Member State other than the one of origin were estimated at million. State policies toward Romani communities in candidate countries to the EU book Influenced the human rights aspects of EU enlargement, through monitoring of compliance with the “Copenhagen criteria” by EU candidate countries and ensuring that the situation of Roma is addressed as a priority issue by both EU Member States and candidate countries; Written several significant policy documents on behalf of the European.

European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, The EU’s common currency is the euro.

Learn more about the EU in this article. With the accession of 10 new countries to the EU inRoma are today its largest ethnic minority group. Romani activists and a small but growing cadre of Romani government officials have called attention to issues such as discrimination in education, employment, housing, public assembly, and public services; spotlighted the plight of Roma.

For centuries, the Romani Gypsies have been misunderstood and persecuted in Europe. Now, a new book shines a light on the group’s unique history and culture. This book examines experiences of Romani political participation in eastern and western Europe, providing an understanding of the emerging political space that over 8 million Romani citizens occupy within the EU, and addressing issues related to the socio-political circumstances of Romani communities within European countries.

candidate countries prepare to fulfil the obligations of EU membership. The chapters cover the major aspects of EU policy, such as free movement of goods, capital, and workers; economic policy, energy, transport, regional policy, foreign policy, fundamental rights, and more.

Benchmarks are set in every chapter to guide the candidate towards. The book (manuscript) shall contribute to Romani Studies and knowledge production of a period that is not sufficiently analyzed in relation to Roma, which, due social and economic policies, had a major impact on the current situation of Roma communities in Romania.

The European Union (EU) has expanded a number of times throughout its history by way of the accession of new member states to the Union.

To join the EU, a state needs to fulfil economic and political conditions called the Copenhagen criteria (after the Copenhagen summit in June ), which require a stable democratic government that respects the rule of law, and its corresponding freedoms.

While the EU’s Roma Framework has attempted to guide Member State policy, the implementation of the Member States’ integration strategies for Romani communities is unhelpfully politicized in most of them – in other words, where aid perceived as benefiting the Roma will cost votes, it tends to either never flow at all, or to flow but to be.

A more recent review of the state of democracy in the EU’s new members and candidate countries, drawing on a wide range of indicators, finds a somewhat less positive picture.

(9) First of all, there continues to be a significant divide in democratic quality between the west European old Member States and the post-communist new Member States. The European Union: Ongoing Challenges and Future Prospects Congressional Research Service R VERSION 18 UPDATED 2 security.

With the end of the Cold War, the United States was a key advocate for EU enlargement to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, believing it would help to promote stability and prosperity in the region.

The EU's eastward expansion means that many governments are being pushed to give Roma the same rights as other citizens. Enlargement also means that, once the original EU Member States' temporary migration restrictions expire, Eastern European Roma should be able to freely live and work in any EU country.

History of the Roma. It happened despite the fact that any Romani person who lives in any EU country is an EU citizen and has the right to free movement.

In the May EU parliamentary elections, right-wing parties did not win in all EU member states, but there is no question that in most European states xenophobia has been on the rise.

The country applied in June for membership in the European Union and became an Associated State of the EU inan Acceding Country inand a full member on 1 January [] During the s, Romania enjoyed one of the highest economic growth rates in Europe and has been referred at times as "the Tiger of Eastern Europe".

Every EU candidate country faces a twofold challenge: it needs to direct its agriculture and rural development policy towards increased sectoral competitiveness, and align its legal framework and institutions with the EU membership requirements. The country held parliamentary elections in that observers generally considered to be free and fair and without irregularities.

In the country held presidential elections in which electoral observers noted irregularities, including insufficient polling stations for the large diaspora community.

The European Union is a geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions and secessions that have taken it from 6 member states to 27, a majority of the states in Europe. Apart from the ideas of federation, confederation, or customs union such as Winston Churchill's call for a "United States of.

Roma, the largest ethnic minority in Eastern Europe, are perhaps the region's most misunderstood, most persecuted, and maligned minority. Since their migration from India approximately six hundred years ago, Roma have suffered economic, political and cultural discrimination at the hands of both communist and capitalist and both democratic and totalitarian societies.

down in Art. 6 of the EU Treaty, • candidate countries need to have a functioning market economy, able to withstand competitive pressures within the EU. • Moreover, the candidate country has to fully implement the EU’s rule-book, the so-called acquis communautaire.

The Tor Sapienza camp, just half an hour’s drive from the capital, is home to around Roma, and is one of formal camps in the country, according to a report from non-profit organisation.

Nea people in 33 European countries (28 EU Member States and 5 candidate countries) were interviewed in the last quarter of for the fourth wave of the European Quality of Life Survey. This overview report presents the findings for the EU Member States. It uses information from previous survey rounds, as well as other research, to look at trends in quality of.

Being a "Gypsy": The Worst Social Stigma in Romania. 10 May Valeriu Nicolae and Hannah Slavik 1 In AugMadalin Voicu, one of the most well known Romani politicians in Romania and one of two Romani representatives in the Romanian parliament, made the following statement.

The Romani (also spelled Romany / ˈ r oʊ m ə n i /, / ˈ r ɒ-/), colloquially known as Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally itinerant, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab regions of modern-day India.

Description State policies toward Romani communities in candidate countries to the EU EPUB

Genetic findings appear to confirm that the Romani "came from a single group. During his first years as a ruler, Nicolae Ceausescu had an open policy towards Western Europe and the United States of America, which strayed from the Warsaw Pact signed during the Cold War.

This period is best characterized by a relative liberalization of Romania. A new constitution was adopted inand entrepreneurship was widely encouraged.

The European Commission’s European Innovation Scoreboard and Regional Innovation Scoreboard published on Monday show that the EU’s innovation performance has been improving for four years in a row, but Romania remains the member state with the lowest rate of innovation, which has declined since and saw no significant change between and implementation of EU policies.

According to the EU budget forthe EU will have three policy priorities (Oprea and Meşniţă, p), structured as follows: Regional policies - focused on economic and social development; - Foreign policies – for increasing the EU's role among non-member countries, candidate countries and third.

Details State policies toward Romani communities in candidate countries to the EU FB2

Summary. Inthe Sultan of the Ottoman Empire allowed the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia to unite under the name ofCharles of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen became Prince. Romania sided with Russia in the Russo-Turkish War of Inthe Treaties of San Stefano and Berlin recognized Romania’s independence from the Ottoman Empire.

Enterprising populists in Muslim-majority states like Kosovo, Albania, and Bosnia may well decide to spin the EU’s duplicity as an attack on their communities, and turn towards a new, more.

Gretchen Whitmer, Detroit mayor and Biden VP candidate (Bill Pugliano/Getty Images) Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer. Governor Whitmer leads the state that is home to the largest concentration of Arab Americans in the US. The community works for .Despite sustained EU efforts to develop a vigorous Roma inclusion policy, the vast majority of the 10–12 million strong European Roma remain severely marginalized, frequent targets of violence, and mired in entrenched poverty of a severity rarely witnessed outside the poorest communities of low income countries.Through graphics and text, the Eurostat regional yearbook paints a statistical portrait of life in the regions of the European Union's member states, candidate countries and the EFTA countries.

Its 13 chapters are written by specialists and presented in a language accessible to all.